“English is the language of the future, the most important tool you’ll ever need, no matter what career you choose. You have the right to English. Make it your right!” (Benjamin Zephaniah)


The ability to communicate through speaking, reading and writing is a vital skill for all children, paving the way for an enjoyable and successful school experience and preparing children for life.


Oracy is the ability to be able to communicate effectively. Almost everything we do involves speech, language and/or communication. Everyday tasks, learning, sorting out problems, having a conversation, getting a job, making friends and having fun all rely on our ability to communicate.

At Pakeman, we support children to become more confident communicators through:

  • Discussion and debate
  • Performing and presenting for an audience
  • Expressing and articulating feelings, opinions and ideas
  • Modelling correct spoken language
  • Expanding vocabulary

Children will be taught to speak clearly and convey ideas confidently using Standard English. They will learn to justify ideas with reasons; ask questions to check understanding; develop vocabulary and build knowledge; negotiate; evaluate and build on the ideas of others; and select the appropriate register for effective communication. They will be taught to give well-structured descriptions and explanations and develop their understanding through exploring ideas. This will enable them to clarify their thinking as well as organise their ideas for writing.


The ability to read and understand written information to a high standard is an essential skill in life. At Pakeman, our aim is not only for all children to develop the key skills they need but to foster a love and passion for language and literature and encourage imagination, curiosity and new interests and outlooks. We support children to:

  • Become fluent, independent and reflective readers
  • Read a wide variety of genres
  • Develop a broad range of reading skills
  • Use texts to broaden vocabulary


Phonics is the systematic teaching of the sounds, or ‘phonemes’, that accompany the written letters (‘graphemes’) in English. It is designed to teach children to become confident and fluent readers by the end of Year 2. All children in Early Years and Key Stage 1 have daily phonics sessions where they are introduced to new sounds and practise the sounds that they are familiar with. At Pakeman, we follow ‘Letters and Sounds’, a document published by the Department for Education. It is broken down into 6 parts, or ‘phases’.

Click here to access more information on Letters and Sounds.

  • Phase 1 is completed in Nursery and focuses on sounds in the environment, instrumental sounds, body sounds, voice sounds and rhythm.
  • Phase 2 begins in Reception. Children are taught 19 letters of the alphabet along with the sound that goes with them.
  • Phase 3 is also started in Reception. During this phase, the remaining 7 letters of the alphabet and their sounds are taught. Digraphs (where two letters make one sound) eg. /sh/ and /ch/ are taught in this phase for the remaining sounds in the English language.
  • During Phase 4, children are taught to segment (break down) and blend (read fluently) longer words. Phase 4 is a chance for children to practise and apply the phonics skills they have already learnt.
  • Phase 5 is taught throughout Year 1 and focuses on different ways of spelling the same sound eg. /oi/ and /oy/ and different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know eg. /ear/ in ‘hear’ and /ear/ in ‘bear’.
  • Phase 6 is taught throughout Year 2. This phase focuses on consolidating all of the other phases, as well as introducing ‘rules’ for reading and spelling, such as prefixes, suffixes and when to double or drop a letter.

Year 1 phonics screening check

At the end of Year 1, children will undertake a statutory phonics screening check. This is a short assessment to make sure that children have learnt phonics to an appropriate standard. There are 40 words in the screening check which children are asked to read on a one-to-one basis with their teacher. The check is made up of ‘real words’ (eg. ‘mud’) and ‘non-words’ (eg. ‘splog’) and children need to apply their phonic knowledge to read all words. Preparation for the check takes place during the daily phonics session, but parents/carers can help children by practising phonics on a regular basis.

For more information on the phonics screening check for Year 1 children, please click here.

Here are some phonics videos developed with our children:

Guided Reading

Guided reading is taught throughout the school and explicitly addresses the skills children need to become successful readers. Guided reading is delivered in two ways – in group and whole class sessions.

In these sessions, children are taught the decoding of words and the skills needed for fluent and expressive reading. As the children become fluent readers, the focus for these guided sessions moves towards improving comprehension skills. By the end of Key Stage 1, all children take part in whole class reading sessions, which we refer to as Big Read. These sessions provide children with opportunities to independently read a variety of challenging texts which reflect our rich and varied literary heritage and further develop and practise the full range of reading comprehension skills.

The Power of Reading

We teach literacy daily as a discrete subject from Year 1 to Year 6, following the National Curriculum, with opportunities for Literacy in the Foundation Stage being incorporated into the child’s day according to the principles of the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS). Through the Power of Reading, we use high quality texts and creative teaching approaches to engage and motivate children in their literacy learning, to support children in deepening their understanding of texts and provide them with a meaningful context for writing.

Additional Reading Support

Whilst every effort is made to ensure that children develop the necessary literacy skills within a whole class context, it is sometimes necessary for children to be provided with additional support. In reading, this support is provided through:

  • Voluntary readers
  • Tutor-mate – online reading sessions
  • 1:1 and small group reading interventions
  • Action Tutoring (years 5 and 6)

Reading Resources

We believe that the development of reading is enhanced by the provision of high-quality reading materials. At Pakeman, we ensure that there is a broad and rich range of books available for all children in classes, in our library and for home reading.

Home Reading

Home reading is an important part of children’s reading development. Children are encouraged to read at home every day and we provide good quality, exciting texts in order to inspire a love of reading and to engage parents in children’s learning. Home reading is carefully monitored through the use of personal reading records and any lack of home reading is followed up through parent discussion and additional reading intervention.

Click here for ideas on supporting reading at home.


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Our library is an integral part of the learning environment and is central to the life of the school, as well as in a physical sense being right at the heart of the building. It is designed for ease of access to all pupils. Our school library aims to contribute to our pupil’s learning and development by providing a safe, stimulating and well-maintained environment which helps support teaching and learning and assists in our aim to raise achievement. As well as providing information for learning in a variety of formats, we also want our library to encourage a real love of reading for pleasure to develop readers for life.

Through the use of our school library, we aim to improve reading skills and, in turn, improve both levels of attainment and progress in reading and writing. The books in our school library are kept up-to-date and relevant and relate to the topics studied in class. We are continually looking for new and exciting books to add to our collection.

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At Pakeman, we support children to become confident writers by providing exciting materials and opportunities. Our aim is for children to develop the stamina and skills to write at length, with accurate spelling and punctuation and a fluent and legible, cursive handwriting style. They are taught the correct use of grammar at each stage. Children are given the opportunities to write in a variety of genres, covering the full range of fiction, non-fiction and poetry and are taught to edit and redraft their writing for a range of audiences.

Through our use of high-quality texts and models of writing, we aim to:

  • inspire children to develop a variety of writing styles
  • promote enjoyment of writing
  • encourage children to make careful word choices
  • use writing as a means of effectively communicating their feelings, ideas and opinions
  • understand that all writing has a specific purpose and audience

Cross curricular literacy

English is both a subject in its own right and a medium for teaching. For children, understanding language will provide access to the whole curriculum.  We believe that fluency in the English language is an essential foundation for success in all subjects and our aim is ensure that all children can apply, practise and consolidate language and literacy skills in other subjects in a purposeful way.

Children’s command of vocabulary is key to their learning and progress across the whole curriculum. Teachers will therefore develop vocabulary actively, building systematically on children’s current knowledge. We believe it is particularly important to introduce children to subject specific language, such as accurate mathematical and scientific vocabulary.

We recognise using ICT can provide children with additional learning hours and support them in practising and consolidating their learning from school. We use a range of programmes to support this, such as SATs Companion, Mirodo and Purple Mash.

Working with Others and Broadening Experiences

Throughout the school year, we run a range of literacy events to promote reading, writing and speaking across the school. These include: World Book Day, Book Fairs, Bring a Parent to School Events and Stay and Read sessions, as well as a range of performances.  These events help to promote happiness and well-being, the development of key skills and enable us to work in partnerships with others. Please check the school calendar for any upcoming events.

As part of our work with other local schools, over the year children in KS2  take part in collaborative reading and writing projects, such as Writing through Film, Writing through Art and a Poetry Competition. We regularly work in partnership with other experts and organisations to enhance our literacy provision. For example,  the 11 x 11 project which aims to increase children’s cultural experiences, our Shakespeare workshops with The Young Shakespeare Company, storytelling experiences, visits to local theatres and performances in school and a range of projects around ‘Bringing Literacy to Life”.

Supporting Children at Home

Parent Information Leaflets

In our parent leaflets, you can find the minimum age-related expectations for specific year groups. The teachers and children use these as one of the tools to help discuss individual’s progress and levels of attainment.

Parent Leaflet – Reception

Parent Leaflet – Year 1

Parent Leaflet – Year 2

Parent Leaflet – Year 3

Parent Leaflet – Year 4

Parent Leaflet – Year 5

Parent Leaflet – Year 6

Online Learning Platforms

In order to practise skills learnt in the classroom, it is essential that children revisit their learning at home. We provide a number of online learning resources that children should use regularly at home.

Children in Year 3 and Year 4 have accounts for this website. Children are challenged to complete home learning tasks that link directly to the learning they are doing in class.

Click here to log in.

SATs Companion
This website helps pupils in Year 5 and Year 6 to develop their confidence in answering SATs type questions in preparation for their end of Year 6 SATs.

Click here to log in.

Purple Mash
Purple Mash includes a variety of games for reinforcing learning at home.

Click here to log in.

Recommended Reading

Year 1 Recommended Books

Year 2 Recommended Books

Year 3 Recommended Books

Year 4 Recommended Books

Year 5 Recommended Books

Year 6 Recommended Books

Speech and Language Support

Children’s speech and language skills develop at different rates.

Definition of speech, language and communication

Speech refers to:

  • speaking with a clear voice, in a way that makes speech interesting and meaningful
  • speaking without hesitating too much or without repeating words or sounds;
  • being able to make sounds like ‘k’ and ‘t’ clearly so people can understand what you say.

Language refers to talking and understanding:

  • joining words together into sentences, stories and conversations;
  • knowing and choosing the right words to explain what you mean;
  • making sense of what people say.

Communication refers to how we interact with others:

  • using language or gestures in different ways, for example to have a conversation or to give someone directions;
  • being able to consider other people’s point of view;
  • using and understanding body language and facial expressions, such as: knowing when someone is bored, being able to listen to and look at people when having a conversation, knowing how to take turns and to listen as well as talk, and knowing how close to stand next to someone.

Further information about speech and language expectations and support

This section of our website provides information about children and young people who may need some additional help with their communication, some signs to look out for and some ways to provide further help.

Universally Speaking (birth to 5)

This publication provides information about what helps children learn to talk and listen, whether they are on the right track and what to do if you have concerns.

You can access it by clicking: Birth  to 5

Universally Speaking (5-11)

This publication provides information about what helps children learn to talk and listen, whether they are on the right track and what to do if you have concerns.

You can access it by clicking: 5-11

Primary Milestones Poster – What’s typical talk at primary?

This poster identifies milestones that primary aged children are likely to be at with their communication.

You can access it by clicking: Primary Milestones Poster

Don’t Get Me Wrong

This is a follow-on publication from Misunderstood, looking in more detail at speech, language and communication needs and giving further support and guidance.

You can access it by clicking: Don’t Get Me Wrong


This publication explains what speech, language and communication needs are and included advice and guidance on how to support communication development.

You can access it by clicking: Misunderstood